Understanding Acrophobia, or Fear of Heights

 Understanding Acrophobia, or Fear of Heights

Acrophobia describes an intense fear of heights that can cause significant anxiety and panic. Some research Trusted Source suggests acrophobia may be one of the most common phobias.

It’s not unusual to feel some discomfort in high places. For  sapmle, you might feel dizzy or nervous when looking down from the top floor of a skyscraper. But these feelings may not cause panic or prompt you to avoid heights altogether.

What are the symptoms?

The main  indication of acrophobia is an intense fear of heights marked by panic and anxiety. For some people, extreme heights triggers this fear. Others may fear any kind of height, including small stepladders or stools.

Physical symptoms of acrophobia include:

 enlarge sweating, chest pain or tightness, and    grow heartbeat at the sight or thought of high places

feeling sick or lightheaded when you see or think about heights

shaking and trembling when faced with heights

feeling dizzy or like you’re falling or losing your balance when you look up at a high place or down from a height

going out of your way to avoid heights, even if it makes daily life more difficult

Psychological symptoms can include:

experiencing panic when seeing high places or thinking about having to go up to a high place

having extreme fear of being trapped somewhere high up

experiencing extreme anxiety and fear when you have to climb stairs, look out a window, or drive along an overpass

worrying excessively about encountering heights in the future

What causes it?

Acrophobia sometimes develops in response to a traumatic experience involving heights, such as:

falling from a high place

watching someone else fall from a high place

having a panic attack or other negative experience while in a high place

But phobias, including acrophobia, can also develop without a known cause. In these cases, genetics or environmental factors may play a role.

For  sample, you may be more likely to have acrophobia if someone else in your family does. Or you learned to fear heights from watching the behavior of your caregivers as a child.

How is it treated?

Phobias don’t always  challenge treatment. For some, avoiding the feared object is relatively easy and doesn’t have a big  influence  on their daily activities.

But if you  search that your fears are  organisation you back from doing things you want or need to do — such as visiting a friend who lives on the top floor of a building — treatment can help.


There aren’t any medications designed to treat phobias.

 thought, some medications can help with symptoms of panic and anxiety, such as:

Beta-blockers. These medications help by keeping your blood pressure and heart rate at a steady rate and reducing other physical symptoms of anxiety.

Benzodiazepines. These drugs are sedatives. They can help reduce anxiety symptoms, but they’re typically only prescribed for a short time or for occasional use, as they can be addictive.

D-cycloserine (DCS). This drug may increase the benefits of  subjection therapy. According to a 2017 literature reviewTrusted Source of 22 studies involving people who lived with  many anxiety-related conditions, DCS seemed to help enhance the effects of exposure therapy.

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